Hepatitis C is a liver disease brought on by the hepatitis C virus: the virus can generate both chronic and acute hepatitis, running in severity from a mild illness lasting a few weeks to a serious, life long illness.
The hepatitis C virus is a bloodborne virus and the most common modes of infection are through exposure to small quantities of blood. This may happen through injection drug use, unsafe injection practices, unsafe health care, and the transfusion of unscreened blood and blood products.
Internationally, an estimated 71 million people have chronic hepatitis C infection.
A considerable number of those who are chronically affected will develop cirrhosis or liver cancer.
Approximately 399 000 people die yearly from hepatitis C, primarily from cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma.
Antiviral medicines can cure greater than 95% of persons with hepatitis C infection, in doing so reducing the danger of death from liver cancer and cirrhosis, but accessibility to diagnosis and treatment is low.
There is at this time no vaccine for hepatitis C; however research in this area is continuing.
Hepatitis C virus (HCV) causes both acute and chronic infection. Acute HCV infection is usually asymptomatic, and is only very hardly ever (if ever) associated with life-threatening disease. About 15-- 45% of infected persons automatically clear the virus within 6 months of infection without any treatment.
The remaining 60-- 80% of persons will acquire chronic HCV infection. Of those with chronic HCV infection, the risk of cirrhosis of the liver is between 15-- 30% within 20 years.
Your liver is your biggest internal organ and your body's workhorse. Among its many jobs are converting food into fuel, processing fat from your blood, clearing harmful toxins, and making proteins that help your blood clot. This hard-working, supersized organ is susceptible to a dangerous and often hard-to-diagnose ailment called nonalcoholic fatty liver disease, or NAFLD.
Liver disease - Fatty Liver.
NAFLD is defined as the appearance of fat in more than 5% of liver cells. It is the most commonplace liver disease and affects up to 25% of American adults, 60% of whom are men.
The website disease increases your risk of heart disease and left untreated, NAFLD also can bring about an inflamed liver, a condition called nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH).
As many as 40% of people read more with NAFLD develop NASH. NASH can cause scarring of the liver; severe scarring, called cirrhosis, increases your risk of liver cancer.
A growing problem.
Taking too much alcohol can cause fat buildup in the liver, NAFLD affects people who consume little or no alcohol.
Instead, the main culprit is excessive weight-- which causes extra fat to get stored in the liver-- and is linked to dyslipidemia (abnormally high LDL cholesterol levels, low HDL levels, or both), high blood pressure, and diabetes.
Fatty Liver & Obesity
As the number of overweight people has increased, so too has the prevalence of NAFLD. "Much of this can be attributed to a regular diet of more processed foods and significant amounts of carbohydrates, along with more sedentary lifestyles," says Dr. Kathleen Corey, director of the Fatty Liver Disease Clinic at Harvard-affiliated Massachusetts General Hospital. But, she adds that some folks with fatty livers have none of these risk issues, which suggests that genes can play an essential role.
Establishing healthy eating more info habits isn't as confusing or as restrictive as some people imagine. The crucial steps are to eat mostly foods derived from plants-- vegetables, fruits, whole grains and legumes (beans, peas, lentils)-- and limit highly processed foods. Start on your healthy diet by following the links in this article.